Train Terms

TRAIN LINGO (Railroad Terminology)

AGE—Seniority, length of service
AIR MONKEY—Air-brake repairman
* ALL DARKIE, NO SPARKY—(Hi-Ball on a roll by)
ALLEY—Clear track in railroad yard
ANCHOR THEM—Set hand brakes on still cars; the opposite is release anchors ARMSTRONG—Old-style equipment operated by muscular effort, such as hand-brakes, some turntables, engines without automatic stokers, etc.
ARTIST—Man who is particularly adept, usually with prefix such as brake, pin, speed, etc. ASHCAT—Locomotive fireman
BACK TO THE FARM—Laid off on account of slack business. When a man is discharged he is given six months twice a year
BAD ORDER—Crippled car or locomotive, often called cripple. Must be marked at night by a blue light when men are working around it
BAIL IT IN—Feed the locomotive firebox
BAKE HEAD—Locomotive fireman. Also called bell ringer, blackie, and many other names scattered throughout this glossary
BALING-WIRE MECHANIC—A man of little mechanical ability
BALLAST—Turkey or chicken dressing
BALLAST SCORCHER—Speedy engineer
BAND WAGON—Pay car or pay train from which wages were handed out to railroad employees BANJO—Fireman's shovel; old-style banjo-shaped signal
BAREFOOT—Car or engine without brakes. (Many locomotives built in the 1860's and 1870's were not equipped with brakes except on the tank)
BARN—Locomotive roundhouse, so-called from the building in which streetcars are housed
BAT THE STACK OFF OF HER—Make fast time, work an engine at full stroke
BATTING 'EM OUT—Used generally by switchmen when a yard engine is switching a string of cars BATTLESHIP—Large freight engine or interurban car, or a coal car. Also a formidable female, such as the landlady or a henpecked man's wife
BEANERY—Railroad eating house. Beanery queen is a waitress
BEANS—Meet orders; lunch period
BEAT 'ER ON THE BACK—Make fast time; work an engine at full stroke
BEEHIVE—Railroad yard office
BELL RINGER—Locomotive fireman
BEND THE IRON—Change the position of the rust a switch. Also called bend or bend the rail
BIG BOYS—Special trains for officials
BIG E—Engineer, so called from the large initial on membership buttons of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers
BIG FOUR—The four operating Brotherhoods: Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen, Order of Railway Conductors, Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen, and Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers
BIG HOLE—Emergency application of air-brake valve, causing a quick stop. Big-holing her, the same as wiping the clock, is making an emergency stop
BIG HOOK—Wrecking crane
BIG O—Conductor; so named from first initial in Order of Railway Conductors. Sometimes called big ox and less complimentary terms
BIG ROCK CANDY MOUNTAINS—Hobo's paradise, as described in song by Harry K. McClintock. (See Indian Valley Line)

BINDERS—Hand brakes
BINDLE STIFF or BLANKET STIFF—Hobo who totes a blanket and uses it wherever night finds him. (Bindle is a corruption of "bundle")
BIRD CAGE—Brakeman's or switchman's lantern
BLACK DIAMONDS—Company coal. Diamond cracker is a locomotive fireman
BLACK ONES—Railway Express refrigerator or boxcars having no interior illumination pressed into mail service during the Christmas rush
BLACK SNAKE—Solid train of loaded coal cars
BLACKBALLED—black-listed, boycotted
BLACKJACKS—Fifty-ton Santa Fe coal cars painted black
BLAZER—Hot journal with packings afire
BLEED—Drain air from. Bleeder is valve by which air is bled from auxiliary reservoir of a car BLIND BAGGAGE—Hobo riding head end of baggage car next to tender, where no door is placed; commonly called riding the blinds
BLIZZARD LIGHTS—Originally the lights on either side of the headlight that served in emergency when the oil-burning headlight blew out. Now they indicate the train is nonschedule or extra BLOOD—Old-time engine built by Manchester Locomotive Works. Mr. Aretas Blood being the builder's name
BLOW 'ER DOWN—Reduce water in a locomotive boiler when carrying too much
BLOW UP—Use the blower to increase draft on the fire and thereby raise the steam pressure in the boiler. Also quit a job suddenly
'BO—Hobo. 'Bo chaser is freight brakeman or railroad policeman
BOARD—Fixed signal regulating railroad traffic, usually referred to as slow board., order board., clear board (for clear tracks) or red board (stop). Do not confuse this with extra board or spare board, colloquially known as slow board or starvation list, usually containing names of qualified train or enginemen not in regular active service who are called to work in emergencies. These names are listed in order of seniority, the man hired most recently being the last one called to service BOBTAIL—Switch engine
BOILER ASCENSION—Boiler explosion
BOILER HEADER—Man riding in engine cab
BOILER WASH—A high-water engineer
BOOK OF RULES—Examination based on facts in rulebook
BOOKKEEPER—Trainman who makes out reports; flagman
BOOTLEGGER—Train that runs over more than one railroad
BOOMER—Drifter who went from one railroad job to another, staying but a short time on each job or each road. This term dates back to pioneer days when men followed boom camps. The opposite is home guard. Boomers should not be confused with tramps, although they occasionally became tramps. Boomers were railroad workers often in big demand because of their wide experience, sometimes blackballed because their tenure of stay was uncertain. Their common practice was to follow the "rushes"-that is, to apply for seasonal jobs when and where they were most needed, when the movement
of strawberry crops, watermelons, grain, etc., was making the railroads temporarily short-handed. There are virtually no boomers in North America today. When men are needed for seasonal jobs they are called from the extra board

BOWLING ALLEY—Hand-fired coal-burning locomotive. (A fireman throwing in the lumps of coal goes through motions that resemble bowling)
BRAIN PLATE—Trainman's cap or hat badge

BRAINS or THE BRAINS—Conductor; sometimes called brainless wonder, a term also applied to any train or engineman or official who does things his fellows consider queer
BRAKE CLUB—Three-foot hickory stick used by freight trainmen to tighten hand brakes. Sometimes called sap or staff of ignorance

BRASS—A babbitt-lined blank of bronze that forms the bearing upon which the car rests. To brass a car is to replace one of those bearings
BRASS BUTTONS—Passenger conductor on railroad or streetcar line
BRASS COLLAR or BRASS HAT—Railroad official. Term may have originated from gold-braided collar of conductor's uniform and brass plate on his cap

BRASS POUNDER—Telegraph operator
BREEZE—Service air
BRIDGE HOG—Bridge and building carpenter of the old school antedating steel and concrete BROKEN KNUCKLES—Railroad sleeping quarters
BROWNIES—Demerits. This system is traced back to George R. Brown, general superintendent of the Fall Brook Railway (now part of the New York Central) in 1885. He thought the then current practice of suspending men for breaking rules was unfair to their families and substituted a system of demerit marks. Too many demerits in a given period resulted in dismissal. The Brown system, with many variations, has since been widely adopted by the railroad industry. A superintendent's private car is called brownie box or brownie wagon
BUCK THE BOARD—Working the extra board. (See board)
BUCKLE THE RUBBERS—Connect air, steam, or signal hose
BUG—Telegraph instrument or trainman's or switchman's light, which is also called bug torch. Bug may also be a three-wheeled electric truck that carries mail and baggage around terminals
BUG LINE—Telephone connection between engine house and yard or telegraph office
BUG SLINGER—Switchman or brakeman
BUGGY—Caboose; rarely applied to other cars
BULL—Railroad policeman. Also called flatfoot or gumshoe, but the distinctive railroad terms are cinder dick and 'bo chaser
BULL PEN—Crew room
BULLGINE—Steam locomotive
BULLNOSE—Front drawbar of a locomotive
BUMP—Obtain another man's position by exercising seniority. When a crew is deprived of its assignment, as when a train is removed from the timetable, its members select the jobs they wish from those held by others with less whiskers
BUMPER—Post at end of spur track, placed there to stop rolling stock from running onto the ground BUNCH OF THIEVES—Wrecking crew
BUST UP A CUT—To separate the cars in a train, removing some that have reached their destination, assigning others to through trains, etc.
BUTTERFLY—Note thrown (or handed) from train by an official to a section foreman or other employee, so called because it may flutter along the track, although it is usually weighted down when thrown from a car

CABOOSE BOUNCE, CABOOSE HOP—Early term for a train composed only of an engine and caboose
CALLER—One whose duty is to summon train or engine crews or announce trains CALLIOPE—Steam locomotive

CAMEL or CAMELBACK—Engine with control cab built over middle of boiler, suggesting camel's hump. Also called Mother Hubbard type
CAN—Tank car
CANNED—Taken out of service

CAPTAIN—Conductor; often called skipper. This title dates from Civil War days when some railroads were run by the Army and the conductor was in many cases a captain
CAR-CATCHER—Rear brakeman
CAR KNOCKER—Car inspector or car repairer-from the early custom of tapping the wheels to detect flaws. Also called car whacker; and car toad (because he squats while inspecting), car tink, and car tonk

CAR-SEAL HAWK—Railroad policeman
CARD—Credentials showing Brotherhood or Union membership
CARHOUSE CAR—Covered cement car
CARRY A WHITE FEATHER—Show a plume of steam over the safety valves of the engine CARRYING GREEN—Train whose engine displays green flags by day or green lights by night to indicate that a second section is following closely. Carrying white in the same manner signifies an extra train
CARRYING THE BANNER—Flagging. Also wearing ostentatious Brotherhood emblems, frequently done by 'bos in working the main stem for a handout
CARRYING THE MAIL—Bringing train orders
CASEY JONES—Any locomotive engineer, especially a fast one. Name derived from John Luther (Casey) Jones
CATWALK—Plank walk on top of boxcars; sometimes called the deck from which comes the word deckorate
CHAIN GANG—Crew assigned to pool service, working first in, first out CHAMBERMAID—Machinist in roundhouse
CHARIOT—Caboose, or general manager's car
CHASING THE RED—Flagman going back with red flag or light to protect his train CHECKER—A company spy, particularly one checking up on loss of materials or of the receipts of an agent or conductor
CHERRY PICKER—Switchman, so called because of red lights on switch stands. Also any railroad man who is always figuring on the best jobs and sidestepping undesirable ones (based on the old allusion, "Life is a bowl of cherries")
CHEW CINDERS—Engines do this when reversed while running and while working quite a bit of steam
CHIP PIES—Narrow-gauge cars
CINDER CRUNCHER—Switchman or flagman. Cinder skipper is yard clerk
CINDER DICK—Railroad policeman or detective
CINDER SNAPPER—Passenger who rides open platforms on observation car
CLAW—Clinker hook used by fireman
CLEARANCE CARD—Authority to use main line
CLOCK—Steam gauge. (See wiping the clock; don't confuse with Dutch clock). Also fare register CLOWN—Switchman or yard brakeman. Clown wagon is caboose
CLUB—Same as brake club. Club winder is switchman or brakeman. A brakeman's club was usually his only weapon of defense against hoboes
COAL HEAVER—Fireman, sometimes called stoker
COCK-LOFT—Cupola of a caboose. Also called crow's nest
COFFEE—Respite period enjoyed by baggagemen while awaiting arrival of the next train. Also called spot
COFFEEPOT—Little, old, steam locomotive
COLLAR AND ELBOW JOINT—Boardinghouse. (There isn't too much room at dinner table) COLOR-BLIND—Employee who can't distinguish between his own money and the company's COMPANY BIBLE—Book of rules
COMPANY JEWELRY—Trainman's hat, badge, and switch keys
COMPANY NOTCH or WALL STREET NOTCH—Forward corner of the reverse gear quadrant. It is called the company notch because an engine exerts full pulling power when worked with a full stroke CONDUCER—Conductor
CONSIST—Contents or equipment of a train. Report form sent ahead so yardmaster can make plans for switching the train. The report is usually dropped off to an operator; this is dropping the consist
COOL A SPINDLE—Cool a hotbox by replacing the brass or putting water on the bearing
CORNERED—When a car, not in the clear on a siding, is struck by a train or engine
CORNFIELD MEET—Head-on collision or one that is narrowly averted
COULDN'T PULL A SETTING HEN OFF HER NEST—Derogatory description of old-fashioned locomotive
COUNTING THE TIES—Reducing speed
COW CAGE—Stock car. Also called cow crate
COWCATCHER—Pilot. The old term was discarded by railroad officials, probably because it was a butt for jokesters. You've often heard about the passenger on a slow local train complaining to the conductor, "I don't understand why you have the cowcatcher on the front of the engine. This train can never overtake a cow. But if you'd attach it to the rear of the train it might at least discourage cows from climbing into the last car and annoying the passengers"
CRADLE—Gondola or other open-top car
CRIPPLE—See bad order
CROAKER—Company doctor
CROWNING HIM—Coupling a caboose on a freight train when it is made up
CRUMB BOSS—Man in charge of camp cars
CRUMMY—Caboose. Also called crum box, crib and many other names. Innumerable poems have been written about "the little red caboose behind the train"
CUPOLA—Observation tower on caboose
CUSHIONS—Passenger cars. Cushion rider may be either a passenger or member of passenger-train
crew. (See varnished cars)
CUT—Several cars attached to an engine or coupled together by themselves. Also that part of the right- of-way which is excavated out of a hill or mountain instead of running up over it or being tunneled through it
CUT THE BOARD—Lay off the most recently hired men on the extra list. (See board)
DANCING ON THE CARPET—Called to an official's office for investigation or discipline DEADBEAT— is defined by Webster as "one who persistently fails to pay his debts or way." The word was coined in the late 1800's when railroad workers noticed that loaded freight cars made a different beat over the track-joints than cars that weren't carrying a load. The empty cars made a "dead beat" which meant they weren't paying their way. By the beginning of the 20th century "deadbeat" came to encompassed people who failed to carry their share of the load also.
DEAD IRON and LIVE IRON—The two sets of tracks on a scale
DEAD MAN'S HOLE—Method of righting an overturned engine or car. A six-foot hole is dug about forty feet from the engine or car, long enough to hold a large solid-oak plank. A trench is then dug up to the engine and heavy ropes laid in it, with a four-sheave block, or pulley, at the lower end of the engine and a three-sheave block at the top of the boiler. Chains are fastened to the underside of the engine and hooked to the three-sheave block. The free end of the rope is then hooked to the drawbar of a road engine. The hole is filled-packed hard to hold the "dead man" down against the coming pull. When the engine moves up the track she pulls ropes over the top of the boiler of the overturned locomotive on the chains that are fastened to the lower part, rolling the engine over sidewise and onto her wheels again DEAD MAN'S THROTTLE—Throttle that requires pressure of operator's hand or foot to prevent power shut-off and application of brakes. An engine so equipped would stop instantly if the operator fell dead. Also called dead man's button
DEADHEAD—Employee riding on a pass; any nonpaying passenger. Also fireman's derisive term for head brakeman who rides engine cab. Also a locomotive being hauled "dead" on a train
DECK—Front part of engine cab. Also catwalk on roofs of boxcars
DECKORATE—Get out on top of freight cars to set hand brakes or receive or transmit signals. Derived from deck
DEHORNED—Demoted or discharged
DETAINER or DELAYER—Train dispatcher
DIAMOND—Railroad crossover. Black diamonds is coal
DIE GAME—Stall on a hill
DING-DONG—Gas or gas-electric coach, usually used on small roads or branch lines not important enough to support regular trains; name derived from sound of its bell. Sometimes called doodlebug DINGER—Conductor (man who rings the bell)
DINKY—Switch engine without tender, used around back shop and roundhouse, or any small locomotive. Alsoa four-wheel trolleycar
DIPLOMA—Clearance or service letter; fake service letter
DIRTY CAR—Storage car containing a varied assortment of mail and parcels that demand extra work in separating
DISHWASHERS—Engine wipers at roundhouse
DITCH—That part of the right-of-way that is lower than the roadbed. A derailed train is "in the ditch" DOGCATCHERS—Crew sent out to relieve another that has been outlawed-that is, overtaken on the road by the sixteen-hour law, which is variously known as dog law, hog law, and pure-food law
DOGHOUSE—Caboose or its cupola
DONEGAN—Old car, with wheels removed, used as residence or office. Originated about 1900, when a Jersey Central carpenter and two foremen, all named Donegan, occupied three shacks in the same vicinity. People were directed to the Donegans so often that the shacks themselves came to be known by that name. The name stuck, even after the men had passed on and the shacks had been replaced by converted old cars
DONKEY—Derisive term for section man; small auxiliary engine
DOODLEBUG—Rail motorcar used by section men, linemen, etc. Also called ding dong DOPE—Order, official instructions, explanation. Also a composition for cooling hot journals
DOPE IT—Use compound in the water to keep it from boiling when working an engine hard
DOPE MONKEY—Car inspector
DOUBLE—In going up a hill, to cut the train in half and take each section up separately DOUBLE-HEADER—Train hauled by two engines
DOUSE THE GLIM—Extinguish a lantern, especially by a sudden upward movement DRAG—Heavy train of "dead" freight; any slow freight train, as contrasted with manifest or hotshot DRAWBAR FLAGGING—Flagman leaning against the drawbar on the caboose, or standing near the caboose, to protect the rear end of his train, instead of going back "a sufficient distance" as rules require. Such a man is taking a chance, due maybe to laziness, exhaustion, severe cold, fear of the train leaving without him, etc.
DRIFTING THROTTLE—Running with steam throttle cracked open to keep air and dust from being sucked into steam cylinders
DRILL CREW—Yard crew. (See yard)
DRINK—Water for locomotive
DRONE CAGE—Private car
DROP—Switching movement in which cars are cut off from an engine and allowed to coast to their places. (See hump)
DROP 'ER DOWN—Pull reverse lever forward. Drop 'er in the corner means to make fast time, figuratively dropping the Johnson bar in one corner of the cab
DROPPER—Switchman riding a car on a hump
DROWNING IT OUT—Cooling an overheated journal
DRUMMER—Yard conductor
DRUNKARD—Late Saturday-night passenger train
DUCATS—Passenger conductor's hat checks
DUDE—Passenger conductor
DUDE WRANGLER—Passenger brakeman
DUMMY—Employees' train. Dummy locomotive is a switcher type having the boiler and running gear entirely housed, used occasionally for service in public streets
DUST-RAISER—Fireman (shoveling coal into firebox)
DUSTING HER OUT—Putting sand through the firedoor of an oil burner while working the engine hard; this cuts out the soot in the flues and makes the locomotive steam. Also known as giving the old girl a dose of salts
DUTCH CLOCK—Speed recorder
DUTCH DROP—Rarely used method of bringing a car onto the main line from a spur. The engine heads into the spur, couples head-on to the car, and backs out. When the car is moving fast enough the engine is cut off, speeds up to get back on the main line before the car, then moves forward ahead of the
junction between the main line and the spur so the car rolls out behind the engine
DYNAMITER—Car on which defective mechanism sends the brakes into full emergency when only a service application is made by the engineer. Also, a quick-action triple valve EAGLE-EYE—Locomotive engineer
EASY SIGN—Signal indicating the train is to move slowly
END MAN—Rear brakeman on freight train
ELECTRIC OWL—Night operator
ELEPHANT CAR—Special car coupled behind locomotive to accommodate head brakeman
EYE—Trackside signal
FAMILY DISTURBER—Pay car or pay train
FAN—Blower on a locomotive boiler
FIELD—Classification yard
FIELDER or FIELD MAN—Yard brakeman
FIRE BOY—Locomotive fireman
FIRST READER—Conductor's train book
FISH WAGON—Gas-electric car or other motorcar equipped with an air horn (which sounds like a fishmonger's horn)
FISHTAIL—Semaphore blade, so called from its peculiar shape
FIST—Telegraph operator's handwriting. This script, in the days before telephones, typewriters, and teletypes, was characterized by its swiftness, its bold flowing curves which connected one word with another, and its legibility. Ops were proud of their penmanship
FIXED MAN—Switchman in a hump yard assigned to one certain post from which he rides cars being humped
FIXED SIGNAL—Derisive term for a student brakeman standing on a boxcar with his lamp out and a cinder in his eye
FLAG—Assumed name. Many a boomer worked under a flag when his own name was black-listed FLAT—Flatcar. Also called car with the top blowed off
FLAT WHEEL—Car wheel that has flat spots on the tread. Also applied to an employee who limps FLIMSY—Train order. (Standard practice is to issue these on tissue paper to facilitate the making of carbon copies)
FLIP—To board a moving train. The word accurately suggests the motion used
FLOATER—Same as boomer
FLY LIGHT—Miss a meal. Boomers often did that; hoboes still do
FLYING SWITCH—Switching technique in which the engine pulls away from a car or cars she has started rolling, permitting them to be switched onto a track other than that taken by the engine. The switch is thrown instantly after the engine has passed it and just before the cars reach it. This procedure, common in bygone days, is now frowned upon by officials
FOOTBOARD—The step on the rear and front ends of switch or freight engines. Many casualties were caused in the "good old days" by switchmen missing these steps on dark slippery nights FOOTBOARD YARD MASTER—Conductor who acts as yardmaster in a small yard
FOREIGN CAR—Car running over any railroad other than one that owns it
FOUNTAIN—That part of a locomotive where steam issues from the boiler and flows into pipes for lubrication, injection, etc.
FREEZE A HOB or A BLAZER—Cool a heated journal
FREEZER—Refrigerator car. Also reefer or riff
FROG—Implement for rerailing cars or engines. Also an X-shaped plate where two tracks cross FUSEE—Red flare used for flagging purposes. Its sharp point is driven into the right-of-way and no following train may pass as long as it is burning, although on some roads it is permissible to stop, extinguish the fusee, and proceed with caution in automatic block-signal limits GALLOPER—Locomotive, the iron horse
GALLOPING GOOSE—A shaky section car
GALVANIZER—Car inspector
GANDY DANCER—Track laborer. Name may have originated from the gander-like tremulations of a man tamping ties, or from the old Gandy Manufacturing Company of Chicago, which made tamping bars, claw bars, picks, and shovels
GANGWAY—Space between the rear cab post of a locomotive and her tender
GARDEN—See yard
GAS HOUSE—Yard office
GAY CAT—Tramp held in contempt by fellow vagrants because he is willing to work if a job comes along
GENERAL—Yardmaster, abbreviated Y.M.
GET THE ROCKING CHAIR—Retire on a pension
GET YOUR HEAD CUT IN—Boomer slang for "wise up"
GIRL or OLD GIRL—Affectionate term for steam engine. The locomotive, like the sailing ship, is often called "she" instead of "it"
GLASS CARS—Passenger cars
GLIM—Switchman's or trainman's lantern
GLIMMER—Locomotive headlight
GLORY—String of empty cars. Also death, especially by accident
GLORY HUNTER—Reckless, fast-running engineer
GLORY ROAD—Sentimental term for railroad
GOAT—Yard engine. (See yard)
GOAT FEEDER—Yard fireman
GO HIGH—Same as deckorate
G.M. —General manager. G.Y.M. is general yardmaster
GODS OF IRON—Huge, powerful locomotives
GON—Gondola, or steel-sided, flat-bottom coal car
GOO-GOO EYE—Locomotive with two firedoors
GOOSE—To make an emergency stop
GOOSE HER—Reverse a locomotive that is under headway
GO-TO-HELL SIGNAL—Signal given with violent motion of hand or lantern
GRAB IRON—Steel bar attached to cars and engines as a hand bold
GRABBER—Conductor of a passenger train. (He grabs tickets)
GRAMOPHONE—Obsolete term for telephone
GRASS WAGON—Tourist car. (Tourists like scenery)
GRASSHOPPER—Old type of locomotive with vertical boiler and cylinders
GRAVE-DIGGER—Section man
GRAVEYARD—Siding occupied by obsolete and disused engines and cars; scrap pile GRAVEYARD WATCH—12.01 A.M. to 8 A.M., or any midnight shift, so called because that shift includes the quietest hours of the day
GREASE THE PIG—Oil the engine. (See hog)
GREASY SPOON—Railroad eating house. Bill of fare is colloquially known as switch list, fork is hook, butter is grease pot, hotcakes are blind gaskets, and beans are torpedoes GREENBACKS—Frogs for rerailing engines or cars
GREENBALL FREIGHT—Fruit or vegetables
GREEN EYE—Clear signal. (At the time Cy Warman wrote his celebrated poem, "I Hope the Lights Are White," the clear signal was white and green meant caution. This was changed years ago because of the fact that when a red or green signal lens broke or fell out it exposed a white, thus giving a clear board to engineers even though the signal itself was set to stop or go slow)
GREETINGS FROM THE DS—Train orders from the dispatcher
GRIEVER—Spokesman on grievance committee; Brotherhood or Union representative at an official investigation
GRIND—Shay-geared engine
GROUNDHOG—Brakeman, yardmaster, or switch engine
GRUNT—Locomotive engineer. Traveling grunt is road foreman of engines (hogs). Grunt may also be a lineman's ground helper; grunting is working as a lineman's helper
GUN—Torpedo, part of trainman's equipment; it is placed on the track as a signal to the engineer. Also the injector on the locomotive that forces water from tank to boiler. To gun means to control air-brake system from rear of train
GUNBOAT—Large steel car
GUT—Air hose. Guts is drawbar
HALF—Period of two weeks
HAM—Poor telegrapher or student
HAND BOMBER or HAND GRENADE—Engine without automatic stoker, which is hand-fired HAND-ON—Train order or company mail caught with the hoop or without stopping
HANGING UP THE CLOCK—Boomer term that meant hocking your railroad watch HARNESS—Passenger trainman's uniform
HASH HOUSE—Railroad restaurant or lunch stand
HAT—Ineffectual railroad man. (All he uses his head for is a hat rack)
HAY—Sleep on the job; any kind of sleep. Caboose was sometimes called hay wagon
HAY BURNER—Hand oil lantern, inspection torch. Also a horse used in railroad or streetcar service HEAD-END REVENUE—Money which railroads receive for hauling mail, express, baggage, newspapers, and milk in cans, usually transported in cars nearest the locomotive, these commodities or shipments being known as head-end traffic
HEAD IN—Take a sidetrack when meeting an opposing train
HEAD MAN—Front brakeman on a freight train who rides the engine cab. Also called head pin HEARSE—Caboose
HEEL—Cars on end of tracks with brakes applied
HERDER—Man who couples engines and takes them off upon arrival and departure of trains
HIGHBALL—Signal made by waving hand or lamp in a high, wide semicircle, meaning "Come ahead" or "Leave town" or "Pick up full speed." Verb highball or phrase 'ball the jack means to make a fast run. Word highball originated from old-time ball signal on post, raised aloft by pulley when track was clear. A very few of these are still in service, in New England and elsewhere

HIGHBALL ARTIST—A locomotive engineer known for fast running
HIGH-DADDY—Flying switch
HIGH IRON—Main line or high-speed track (which is laid with heavier rail than that used on unimportant branches or spurs)
HIGH LINER—Main-line fast passenger train
HIGH-WHEELER—Passenger engine or fast passenger train. Also highball artist
HIKER—A lineman who "hikes sticks" instead of prosaically climbing poles
HIT 'ER—Work an engine harder. (Probably a variation of "hit the ball," which means "Get busy-no more fooling!")
HIT THE GRIT or GRAVEL—Fall off a car or locomotive or get kicked off
HOBO—Tramp. Term is said to have originated on Burlington Route as a corruption of "Hello, boy!" which construction workers used in greeting one another
HOG—Any large locomotive, usually freight. An engineer may be called a hogger, hoghead, hogmaster, hoggineer, hog jockey, hog eye, grunt, pig-mauler, etc. Some few engineers object to such designations as disrespectful, which they rarely are. For meaning of hog law see dogcatchers. Hoghead is said to have originated on the Denver & Rio Grande in 1887, being used to label a brakeman's caricature of an engineer
HOLDING HER AGAINST THE BRASS—Running electric car at full speed
HOLE—Passing track where one train pulls in to meet another
HOME GUARD—Employee who stays with one railroad, as contrasted with boomer. A homesteader is a boomer who gets married and settles down
HOOK—Wrecking crane or auxiliary
HOOK 'ER UP AND PULL HER TAIL—To set the reverse lever up on the quadrant and pull the throttle well out for high speed
HOPPER—Steel-sided car with a bottom that opens to allow unloading of coal, gravel, etc. HOPTOAD—Derail
HORSE 'ER OVER—Reverse the engine. This is done by compressed air on modern locomotives, but in early days, manually operated reversing equipment required considerable jockeying to reverse an engine while in motion
HOSE COUPLER—Brakeman who handles trains by himself with the road engine around a big passenger terminal
HOSTLER—Any employee (usually a fireman) who services engines, especially at division points and terminals. Also called ashpit engineer
HOT—Having plenty of steam pressure (applied to locomotives)
HOT-FOOTER—Engineer or conductor in switching service who is always in a hurry
HOT JEWEL—Same as hotbox
HOT-WATER BOTTLE—Elesco feed water heater
HOT WORKER—Boilermaker who repairs leaks in the firebox or flue sheet while there is pressure in the boiler
HOTBOX—Overheated journal or bearing. Also called hub. This was a frequent cause of delay in the old days but is virtually nonexistent on trains that are completely equipped with ball-bearings. Trainmen are sometimes called hotbox detectors
HOTSHOT—Fast train; frequently a freight made up of merchandise and perishables. Often called a manifest or redball run
HOW MANY EMS HAVE YOU GOT? —How many thousand pounds of tonnage is your engine pulling? (M stands for 1,000)

HUMP—Artificial knoll at end of classification yard over which cars are pushed so that they can roll on their own momentum to separate tracks. (See drop.) Also the summit of a hill division or the top of a prominent grade. Boomers generally referred to the Continental Divide as the Hump
HUMPBACK JOB—Local freight run. (Conductor spends much time in caboose bending over his wheel reports)

HUT—Brakeman's shelter just back of the coal bunkers on the tender tank of engines operating through Moffat Tunnel. May also refer to caboose, locomotive cab, switchman's shanty, or crossing watchman's shelter
IDLER—An unloaded flatcar placed before or after a car from which oversize machinery, pipe, or other material projects

IN—A trainman who is at the home terminal and off duty is in
IN THE CLEAR—A train is in the clear when it has passed over a switch and frog so far that another train can pass without damage
IN THE COLOR—Train standing in the signal block waiting for a clear board
IN THE DITCH—Wrecked or derailed
IN THE HOLE—On a siding. (See hole.) Also in the lower berth of a Pullman, as contrasted with on the tot, in the upper berth
INDIAN VALLEY LINE—An imaginary railroad "at the end of the rainbow," on which you could always find a good job and ideal working conditions. (Does not refer to the former twenty-one-mile railroad of that name between Paxton and Engels, Calif.) Boomers resigning or being fired would say they were going to the Indian Valley. The term is sometimes used to mean death or the railroader's Heaven. (See Big Rock Candy Mountains)
IND ICATORS—Illuminated signs on the engine and caboose that display the number of the train IRON or RAIL—Track. Single iron means single track

IRON HORSE—Academic slang for locomotive
IRON SKULL—Boilermaker. (Jim Jeffries, one-time champion prize fighter, worked as an iron skull for years)
JACK—Locomotive. (A term often confused with the lifting device, hence seldom used) JACKPOT—Miscellaneous assortment of mail and parcels piled in the aisle of a baggage car and requiring removal before the mail in the stalls can be "worked"
JAILHOUSE SPUDS—Waffled potatoes
JAM BUSTER—Assistant yardmaster
JAM NUTS—Doughnuts
JANNEY—To couple; derived from the Janney automatic coupler
JAWBONE SHACK—Switch shanty
JAY ROD—Clinker hook
JERK A DRINK—Take water from track pan without stopping train. From this came the word jerkwater, which usually means a locality serving only to supply water to the engines of passing trains; a Place other than a regular stop, hence of minor importance as jerkwater town, jerkwater college, etc. JERK-BY—See flying switch
JERK SOUP—Same as jerk a drink
JERRY—Section worker; sometimes applied to other laborers
JEWEL—Journal brass
JIGGER—Full tonnage of "dead" freight
JIMMIES—Four-wheel coal or ore cars
JITNEY—Four-wheel electric truck that carries baggage around inside a terminal. Also unregulated private automobile that carried passengers on public highways for 5-cent fare in direct competition with trolley cars

JOHNSON BAR—Reverse lever on a locomotive. (See drop 'er down)
JOIN THE BIRDS—Jump from moving engine or car, usually when a wreck is imminent
JOINT—A length of rail, generally 33 or 39 feet. Riding to a joint is bringing cars together so that they couple
JOKER—In dependent or locomotive brake, part of E-T (engine-train) equipment JUGGLER—Member of way-freight crew who loads and unloads LCL freight at station stops JUGGLING THE CIRCLE—Missing a train-order hoop
JUICE—Electricity. Juice fan is one who makes a hobby out of electric railways (juice lines)
JUNK PILE—Old worn-out locomotive that is still in service.
KANGAROO COURT—An official hearing or investigation, so named because it may be held wherever most convenient, anywhere along the road, jumping around like a kangaroo, to act on main- line mixups or other urgent problems
KEELEY—Water can for hot journals or bearings. Nickname derived from "Keeley cure" for liquor habit
KETTLE—Any small locomotive, especially an old, leaky one. Also called teakettle and coffeepot KEY—Telegraph instrument
KICK—See drop
KICKER—Triple valve in defective order, which throws air brakes into emergency when only a service application is intended, or sometimes by a bump of the train
KING—Freight conductor or yardmaster. King snipe is foreman of track gang. King pin is conductor KITCHEN—Caboose; engine cab. Firebox is kitchen stove
KNOCKOUT—Same as bump
KNOWLEDGE BOX—Yardmaster's office; president of the road
LADDER—Main track of yard from which individual tracks lead off. Also called a lead. (See yard) LAPLANDER—Passenger jostled into someone else's lap in crowded car
LAY-BY—Passing track, sidetrack. Layed out is delayed
LAY OVER—Time spent waiting for connection with other train
LCL—Less than carload lots of freight
LETTERS—Service letters given to men who resign or are discharged. Applicants for railroad jobs are usually asked to present letters proving previous employment. In the old days, when these were too unfavorable, many boomers used faked letters or would work under a flag on somebody else's certificates
LEVER JERKER—Interlocker lever man
LIBRARY—Cupola of caboose. Trainman occupying it was sometimes known as a librarian
LIGHT ENGINE—An engine moving outside the yard without cars attached
LIGHTNING SLINGER—Telegraph operator
LINER—Passenger train
LINK AND PIN—Old-time type of coupler; used to denote oldfashioned methods of railroading LIZARD SCORCHER—Dining-car chef
LOADS—Loaded freight cars
LOCAL LOAD—A truckload of mail in sacks and parcels sent from the storage car direct to a car on a local train, containing mail for towns along the route of the train
LUNAR WHITE—The color of white used on all switches except on main line
LUNCH HOOKS—Your two hands
LUNG—Drawbar or air hose
LUNG DOCTOR—Locomotive engineer who pulls out drawbars. Also lung specialist MADHOUSE—Engine foreman; scene of unusual activity or confusion MAIN IRON-Main track. Also called main stem MAIN PIN-An official MAKE A JOINT-Couple cars MANIFEST-Same as hotshot MARKERS-Signals on rear of train, flags by day and lamps by night MASTER MANIAC-Master mechanic, often abbreviated M.M. Oil is called master mechanic's blood
MASTER MIND—An official
MATCHING DIALS—Comparing time
MAUL—Work an 'engine with full stroke and full throttle
MEAT RUN—Fast run of perishable freight, hotshot
MEET ORDER—Train order specifying a definite location where two or more trains will meet on a single track, one on a siding, the others on the high iron
MIDDLE MAN, MIDDLE SWING—Second brakeman on freight train
MIKE—Mikado-type engine (2-8-2), so named because first of this type were built for Imperial Railways of Japan. (Because of the war with Japan, some railroads rechristened this type MacArthur) MILEAGE HOG—Engineer or conductor, paid on mileage basis, who uses his seniority to the limit in getting good runs, which younger men resent
MILK TRUCK—Large hand truck with high cast-iron wheels used to transfer milk cans around in a terminal
MILL—Steam locomotive, or typewriter
MIXED LOAD—Truckload of mail sacks and parcels for many destinations sent from storage car to the yard (an outside platform) for further separation before forwarding
MONKEY—When a crew has been on duty sixteen hours and is caught out on the road, the monkey gets them and they are required by ICC rules to tie -up until a new crew comes. (See dogcatchers) MONKEY MONEY—The pass of a passenger who is riding free
MONKEY MOTION—Walschaert or Baker valve gear on locomotive. Monkey house is caboose. Monkey suit is passenger trainman's uniform or any other smart-looking uniform. Monkey tail is back-up hose
MOONLIGHT MECHANIC—Night roundhouse foreman
MOPPING OFF—Refers to escaping steam
MOTOR—Electric locomotive
MOVING DIRT—Fireman shoveling coal into firebox
MOVING SPIRIT—Train dispatcher, more often called DS
MTYS—Empty cars
MUCKERS—Excavators in construction work
MUD CHICKENS—Surveyor. Mudhop is yard clerk, mudshop his office
MUD SUCKER—A nonlifting injector
MUDHEN—A saturated locomotive, one that is not superheated
MULE SKINNER—Driver of mule cart
MUTT AND JEFF PUMP—Denver & Rio Grande locomotive with big air pump on right and small one on left
MUZZLE LOADER—Hand-fired locomotive
NEWS BUTCHER—Peddler who sells magazines, candy, fruit, 'etc., in trains. Usually employed nowadays by Union News Co. Thomas A. Edison, the inventor, was a news butcher in his youth and became deaf when a conductor boxed his ears for accidentally starting a fire while experimenting in a baggage car near Smith Creek, Mich.
NICKEL GRABBER—Streetcar conductor
19 ORDER—Train order that does not have to be signed for. Operator can hand it on a hoop or delivery fork as the train slows down. (See 31 order)
99—Failure to protect your train or to flag it
NO-BILL—Nonunion or nonbrotherhood railroad worker. Also called nonair
NOSE ON—Couple on with head end of engine
NOSEBAG—Lunch carried to work. Put on the nosebag means to eat a meal
NUMBER DUMMY—Yard clerk or car clerk; also called number grabber
OILCAN—Tank car
OLD GIRL—Affectionate term for steam engine
OLD HAND—Experienced railroader. Also called old head
* OLD HEAD—Lots of Seniority
OLD MAN—Superintendent or general manager
OLE HOSS—Salvage warehouse, or freight on hand
ON THE ADVERTISED—According to schedule; right on time. Often called on the card (timecard) and sometimes on the cat hop
ON THE CARPET—Commoner version of dancing on the carpet
ON THE GROUND—On the ties, as a derailed train
ON THE SPOT—See spot
OP—Telegraph operator
OPEN-AIR NAVIGATOR—Hobo riding freight on top
OPEN THE GATE—Switch a train onto or off a siding. Close the gate means to close the switch after the train has passed it
O.R.C. —Conductor. (See big O)
OS—On (train) sheet; to report a train by to dispatcher
OUT—When a trainman is at a point other than his home terminal, either on or off duty, he is out OUTLAWED—See dogcatchers
OVER THE KNOLL—Getting up the hill
OVERLAP—Where two block signals control the same stretch of track OWL-Streetcar or train that
runs late at night; almost anything having to do with night
PADDLE—Semaphore signal
PADDLE WHEEL—Narrow-gauge locomotive with driving boxes outside of the wheels
PAIR OF PLIERS—Conductor's punch
PAPER CAR—Baggage car for the transportation of newspapers exclusively PAPERWEIGHT—Railroad clerk, office worker. Also called pencil pusher
PARLOR—Caboose. Parlor man or parlor maid is hind brakeman or flagman on freight train PASSING THE CROAKER—Being examined by company doctor
PEAKED END—Head end of train. Also pointed or sharp end
PEANUT ROASTER—Any small steam engine
PECK—Twenty minutes allowed for lunch
PEDDLE—To set out freight cars
PEDDLER—Local way-freight train
PELICAN POND—Place outside a roundhouse (down South) where there is much ooze and slime, caused by the fact that many locomotives are run thirty days without the boilers being washed out. The boilers are kept clean by blowing them out with blowoff cocks
PERSUADER—Blower (for locomotive fire)
PETTICOAT—Portion of the exhaust stack that guides exhausted steam into the stack proper. When this becomes displaced, the spent steam goes back through the flues, cutting off the draft from the fire PIE-CARD—Meal ticket. Also called grazing ticket
PIG—Locomotive. Pig-mauler is locomotive engineer; pigpen locomotive roundhouse. (See hog) PIKE—Railroad
PIN AHEAD AND PICK UP TWO BEHIND ONE—Cut off the engine, pick up three cars from siding, put two on the train, and set the first one back on the siding
PIN FOR HOME—Go home for the day
PINHEAD—Brakeman. Pin-lifter is yard brakeman. Pinner is a switchman that follows. Pin-puller is a switchman that cuts off cars from a train. The old-style link-and-pin coupler (now rarely used) was called Lincoln pin
PINK—Caution card or rush telegram
PLANT—Interlocking system
PLUG—"One-horse" passenger train. Also throttle of old-style locomotive; hence engineers were known as plug-pullers. Plugging her means using the reverse lever as a brake instead of the air. Local passenger trains are sometimes referred to as Plug runs
PLUSH RUN—Passenger train
POCATELLO YARDMASTER—Derisive term for boomers, all of whom presumably claimed to have held, at some time, the tough job of night yardmaster at Pocatello, Idaho
POLE—To run light. (See light)
POLE PIN—Superintendent of telegraph
POP—To let safety valve on boiler release, causing waste of steam, making a loud noise, and, when engine is working hard, raising water in boiler, thereby causing locomotive to work water
POP CAR—Gasoline car or speeder, used by section men, linemen, etc.; so called because of the put- put noise of its motor exhaust
POSITIVE BLOCK—Locomotive engineer
POSSUM BELLY—Toolbox under a caboose or under some wrecking cars POUND HER—Work a locomotive to its full capacity
POUNDING THEIR EARS—Sleeping, making hay
PUD—Pick up and delivery service

PULLER—Switch engine hauling cars from one yard to another at the same terminal. Also the operator of an electric truck that transfers baggage and mail around a terminal
PULL FREIGHT—To leave or to give up a job
PULL THE AIR—Set brakes by opening conductor's valve or angle cock

PULL THE CALF'S TAIL—Yank the whistle cord
PULL THE PIN—Uncouple a car by pulling up the coupling pin. A boomer expression meaning to resign or quit a job
PURE-FOOD LAW—See dogcatchers
PUSHER—Extra engine on rear of train, usually placed there to assist in climbing a grade PUSSYFOOTER—Railroad policeman
PUT 'ER ON—Make a reduction in air in the train's braking system. Put 'er all on means apply emergency brake, more commonly described as big-holing her
QUILL—Whistle (term used especially in the South)
QUILLING—Personalized technique of blowing a locomotive whistle, applicable only in the days before the whistles became standardized
RABBIT—A derail; an arrangement for preventing serious wrecks by sidetracking runaway trains, cars, or locomotives on a downgrade. Unlike regular sidetracks, the derail ends relatively abruptly on flat trackless land instead of curving back onto the main line. The term rabbit is applied to this device because of the timidity involved
RACE TRACK—Straight and flat stretch of track upon which an engineer can safely make unusually high speed. Also parallel stretches of track of two competing railroads upon which rival trains race one another (contrary to company rules but much to the delight of enginemen, trainmen, and passengers, and perhaps to the secret delight of some officials)
RAIL—Any railroad employee
RAILFAN—Anyone who makes a hobby of railroading
RAP THE STACK—Give your locomotive a wide-open throttle, make more speed. Rapper is an engineer who works his engine too hard
RATTLE HER HOCKS—Get speed out of an engine

RATTLER—Freight train
RAWHIDER—Official, or any employee, who is especially hard on men or equipment, or both, with which he works. A rawhider, or slave driver, delights in causing someone to do more than his share of work. Running too fast when picking up a man on the footboard, or making a quick stop just short of him when he is expecting to step on, so that he has to walk back, are two ways it is done; but there are almost as many ways of rawhiding as there are different situations
REAL ESTATE—Poor coal mixed with dirt or slag. When mixed with sand it is called seashore
RED BOARD—Stop signal
REDBALL, BALL OF FIRE—Fast freight train,
REDCAP—Station porter. Term coined about 1900 by George H. Daniels, New York Central publicist RED EYE—Same as red board; also liquor
RED ONION—Eating house or sleeping quarters for railroad men
REEFER or RIFF—Refrigerator car
REPTILE—See snake
RETAINER—Small valve located near brake wheel for drawing off and holding air on cars. (Retainers often figure prominently in true tales and fiction stories about runaway cars on trains)

RIDIN' 'EM HIGH—Traveling on tops of boxcars
RIDIN' THE RODS—An old-time hobo practice, now virtually obsolete. The hobo would place a board across truss rods under a car and ride on it. This was very dangerous even in pleasant weather, and the possibility was ever present that you might doze, get careless, become too cramped, or lose your nerve-and roll under the wheels
RIDING THE POINT—Riding a locomotive, point referring to shape of pilot
RIGHT-HAND SIDE—Engineer's side of cab (on nearly all North American roads). Left-hand side is fireman's side. When a fireman is promoted he is set up to the right-hand side RINGMASTER—Yardmaster
RIPRAP—Loose pieces of heavy stone or masonry used in some places to protect roadbeds from water erosion
RIP-TRACK—Minor repair track or car-repair department. RIP means repair
RIVET BUSTER—Boilermaker
ROAD HOG—Any large motor vehicle on a highway, especially intercity trailer trucks and busses that cut into railroad freight and passenger revenue
ROOFED—Caught in close clearance
ROOF GARDEN—Mallet-type locomotive or any helper engine on a mountain job. Sometimes called sacred ox
ROUGHNECK—Freight brakeman
RUBBERNECK CAR—Observation car
RULE G—"The use of intoxicants or narcotics is prohibited"—one of twelve general rules in standard code adopted by Association of American Railroads, based upon previous regulations made by individual companies. Countless thousands of railroad men, especially boomers, have been discharged for violation of Rule G; not because of railroads' objection to liquor itself but because a man under the influence of liquor is not to be trusted in a job involving human lives and property
RUN—The train to which a man is assigned is his run
RUN-AROUND—If it is a man's turn to work and he is not called, he may claim pay for the work he missed. He has been given the run-around
RUN-IN—A collision; an argument or fight
RUN LIGHT—For an engine to run on the tracks without any cars
RUNNER—Locomotive engineer
RUNT—Dwarf signal
RUST PILE—Old locomotive
RUSTLING THE BUMS—Searching a freight train for hobos. In bygone days it was common practice for trainmen to collect money from freight-riding 'bos, often at the rate of a dollar a division SADDLE—First stop of freight car, under the lowest grab iron
SANDHOG—Laborer who works in a caisson tunneling under a river, boring either a railroad tunnel, subway, or highway tunnel
SAP—Same as brake club; also called the staff of ignorance. To set hand brakes is to sap up some binders
SAWBONES—Company doctor
SAW BY—Slow complicated operation whereby one train passes another on a single-track railroad when the other is on a siding too short to hold the entire train. Saw by is applied to any move through switches or through connecting switches that is necessitated by one train passing another

SCAB—Nonunion workman; also car not equipped with automatic air system. (See nonair) SCIZZOR-BILL—Uncomplimentary term referring to yard or road brakemen and students in train service
SCOOP—Fireman's shovel. Also the step on front and rear ends of switch engines
SCOOT—Shuttle train
SCRAP PILE—Worn-out locomotive that is still in service
SEAT HOG—Passenger who monopolizes more than one seat in a car or station waiting room while others are standing. Such pests usually spread luggage, packages, or lunch over adjacent seats SEASHORE—Sand used in sand dome. Also applied to coal that is mixed with sand
SECRET WORKS—Automatic air-brake application. Also the draft timbers and drawbar of a car, when extracted by force. If only the drawbar is pulled out, you say, "We got a lung," but if the draft timbers comewith it, you say, "We got the whole damn secret works"
SENIORITY GRABBER—Railroad employee who is glad when someone above him dies, gets killed, is fired, or resigns, so he can move up the seniority list to a better job

SEPARATION—The sorting of mail sacks and parcels within the storage car before transferring to trucks
SERVICE APPLICATION—Gradual speed reduction, as contrasted with emergency stop caused by wiping the clock

SETTING UP—Loading a baggage car with mail and parcels according to a prearranged plan to facilitate rapid unloading at various stations along the line
SETUP—Four to six hand trucks placed in formation beside the door of a storage car to facilitate the separation of the mail and parcels being unloaded. Each truck is loaded with matter to be transferred to other trains or to the R.P.O. (Railway Post Office) terminal office

SHACK—Brakeman, occupant of caboose. Shacks master is a conductor SHAKE 'EM UP-Switching SHAKING THE TRAIN—Putting on air brakes in emergency
SHINER—Brakeman's or switchman's lantern

SHINING TIME—Starting time (probably from old Negro spiritual "Rise and Shine") SHOO-FLY—Temporary track, usually built around a flooded area, a wreck, or other obstacle; sometimes built merely to facilitate a rerailing
SHORT FLAGGING—Flagman not far enough from his train to protect it. (See drawbar flagging) SHORT LOADS—Cars consigned to points between division points and set out on sidings at their destinations. Also called shorts

SHORT-TIME CREW—Crew working overtime but not yet affected by the sixteen-hour law. (See dogcatchers)
SHUFFLE THE DECK—Switch cars onto house tracks at every station you pass on your run SHUNTING BOILER—Switch engine

SIDE-DOOR PULLMAN—Boxcar used by hobos in stealing rides
SKATE—Shoe placed on rail in hump yard to stop cars with defective brakes
SKIN YOUR EYE—Engineer's warning to man on left side of cab when approaching curve
SKYROCKETS—Red-hot cinders from smokestack
SLAVE DRIVER—Yardmaster. Also any rawhider
SLING MORSE—Work as telegraph operator
SLIPS, CAR OR TRAIN OF—Car or train of bananas
SLOW BOARD—See board
SLUG—Heavy fire in locomotive firebox
SLUGS—A shipment of magazines, catalogues, or automobile-license plates in small mail sacks weighing approximately 100 pounds each
SMART ALECK—Passenger conductor
SMOKE or SMOKE AGENT—Locomotive fireman. Smoker is engine or firebox. Smoking 'em or running on smoke orders is a dangerous method, now obsolete, of running a train from one station or siding to another without orders from the dispatcher. You moved cautiously, continually watching for the smoke of any train that might be approaching you on the same track
SNAKE—Switchman, so named from the large serpentine letter S on membership pins of the Switchman's Union of North America. Sometimes called reptile or serpent
SNAKEHEAD—A rail that comes loose from the ties and pierces the floor of a car; a fairly common accident with the strap-iron rails of a century ago
SNAP—Push or pull with another engine. Snapper is the engine that does the pulling
SNIPE—Track laborer. His boss is a king snipe
SNOOZER—Pullman sleeping car
SNUFF DIPPERS—Coal-burning engines that burn lignite (which, on the Missouri Pacific at least, is the same color as snuff)
SOAK—Saturated locomotive
SODA JERKER—Locomotive fireman
SOFT BELLIES—Wooden frame cars
SOFT PLUG—Fusible plug in crown sheet of locomotive that is supposed to drop when water gets below top of sheet
SOLID CAR—A completely filled storage car containing sixty feet of mail and parcels, equal to a 100 per cent load
SOLID TRACK—Track full of cars
SPAR—Pole used to shove cars into the clear when switching. (See stake)
SPEED GAUGER—Locomotive engineer
SPEEDER—Same as pop car
SPIKE A TORCH—Throw a fusee
SPOT—To place a car in a designated position. Also sleep, rest, or lunch period on company time. On the spot means an opportunity for railroad men to "chew the rag"

SPOTBOARD—Guide used by section men in surfacing or ballasting track in order to obtain an even bed.
SPOTTER—Spy, company man assigned to snoop around and check on employees SQUEEZERS—Car-retarding system used in some railroad yards

SQUIRRELING—Climbing a car
STACK O' RUST—A locomotive that has seen better days
STAKE—Pole used in dangerous and now rare method of switching. A cut of cars was shoved by a stake attached to the car immediately in front of the engine. This method was supposed to be superior to the ordinary method of "batting them out" because there was less wear and tear on drawbars and less damage to freight; but the human casualties that resulted gave more than one yard the nickname "slaughterhouse." Another meaning of stake is the money a boomer saved on a job so he could resign and continue eating regularly while looking for another job
STAKE DRIVER—Any engineering-department man
STALL—Space inside a mail or baggage car containing mail or parcels consigned to a certain destination and separated from other shipments by removable steel posts
STARGAZER—Brakeman who fails to see signals
STEM—Track or right-of-way
STEM-WINDER—Climax type of geared locomotive. Also applied to trolley car without brakes because of the motion of its brake handle
STICK—Staff used on certain stretches of track to control the block. It is carried by engine crews from one station to another. Now rare
STIFF BUGGY—Specially designed four-wheel truck used for transferring coffins and rough boxes inside a station
STINGER—Brakeman. Derived from initial B(ee) of Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen, or perhaps from some brakemen's habit of arousing hobos by applying a brake club to the soles of their shoes STINK BUGGY—Bus
STIRRUP—First step of freight car, under the lowest grab iron
STOCK PEN—Yard office
STOCKHOLDER—Any employee who is always looking out for the company's interests
STOPPER PULLER—Member of the crew that follows the engine in switching
STORAGE CAR—Baggage car or (in rush periods) Railway Express car containing a mixed shipment of parcels and mail sacks consigned to a certain terminal for sorting and rerouting to various destinations via other trains
STRAW BOSS—Foreman of small gang or acting foreman
STRAW-HAT BOYS—Railroad men who work only in pleasant weather
STRAWBERRY PATCH—Rear end of caboose by night; also railroad yard studded with red lights STRETCH 'EM OUT—Take out slack in couplings and drawbars of train
STRING—Several cars coupled together; also a telegraph wire
STRUGGLE FOR LIFE—Existence in railroad boardinghouse
STUDE TALLOW—Student fireman
STUDENT—Learner in either telegraph, train, or engine service; an apprentice
SUCK IT BY—Make a flying switch
SWELLHEAD—Conductor or locomotive engineer
SWING A BUG—Make a good job of braking. (See bug)
SWING MAN—Same as middle man
SWITCH LIST—Bill of fare at railroad eating house
TAIL OVER HER BACK—Engine with full head of steam, with plume resembling a squirrel's tail
from her safety valve
TAKE THE RUBBER OUT OF THEM—Disconnect the air hoses on a train
TAKING YOUR MINUTES—Stopping for lunch
TALLOWPOT—Locomotive fireman, so called from melted tallow used to lubricate valves and shine the engine
TANK—Locomotive tender. Tanker is tank car used in hauling oil, water, milk, chemicals or some other liquid
TEAKETTLE—See kettle

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